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Understanding Common Musculoskeletal Issues

Understanding Common Musculoskeletal Issues

  • December 28, 2023
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Musculoskeletal issues involve problems with the muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and other components of the musculoskeletal system. Here are some common musculoskeletal issues:

Osteoarthritis:

    • Description: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of bones wears down over time.
    • Symptoms: Joint pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion.

Rheumatoid Arthritis:

    • Description: Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the joints, causing inflammation and damage.
    • Symptoms: Joint pain, swelling, and deformities.

Tendonitis:

    • Description: Tendonitis is the inflammation of a tendon, which is the tissue that connects muscle to bone.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, and tenderness around the affected tendon.

Sprains and Strains:

    • Description: Sprains involve the stretching or tearing of ligaments, while strains involve the stretching or tearing of muscles or tendons.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the affected area.

Fractures:

    • Description: Fractures are breaks or cracks in bones, often caused by trauma or excessive force.
    • Symptoms: Pain, swelling, deformity, and sometimes an inability to use the affected limb.

Back Pain:

    • Description: Back pain can result from various issues, such as muscle strains, herniated discs, or spinal conditions.
    • Symptoms: Dull or sharp pain in the back, stiffness, and limited mobility.

Bursitis:

    • Description: Bursitis is the inflammation of the bursae, small fluid-filled sacs that cushion and reduce friction between bones and soft tissues.
    • Symptoms: Joint pain, swelling, and tenderness.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

    • Description: Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition where the median nerve, which runs from the forearm into the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist.
    • Symptoms: Numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and fingers.

Gout:

    • Description: Gout is a form of arthritis caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints.
    • Symptoms: Intense joint pain, swelling, and redness, often in the big toe.

Scoliosis:

    • Description: Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine, which can be congenital or develop during growth.
    • Symptoms: Uneven shoulders, uneven waist, and sometimes back pain.

It’s important to consult with a physiotherapist in Dwarka for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment for musculoskeletal issues. Treatment may include medications, physical therapy, lifestyle changes, or, in some cases, surgical intervention.

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